FG Expresses Optimism On Achieving UHC
- Written by Oluwafemi Olowookere
Federal Government has expressed determination to work with State Governments and invest heavenly in the health sector and provides quality healthcare services with a view to achieving Universal Health Coverage.
The Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole made this known while delivering the inaugural lecture to the participants of Senior Executive Course No. 41 (2019), National Institute of Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPPS) Kuru, Jos Plateau State.
The Minister said that the greatest challenge of Nigerian health system was out of pocket expenses which the Federal Government was exploring other sources of revenue to address.
Adewole said “for us to accelerate progress on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Federal and State Governments would need to invest more significantly in health”
The Minister said “because of limited government and pooled health financing, health spending was dominated by out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures. As a result, OOP spending accounts for about 75% of total health expenditure – among the highest in the world – and 25% of households spend more than 10% of their household consumption on health a sign that more people were prone to poverty traps if they fall ill”.
Speaking on National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) as an avenue for healthcare service at minimal cost, the minister said the NHIS coverage is predominantly limited to workers in the formal sector.
He said it was not optimally designed to provide adequate financial risk protection to the poorest and sickest households.
The Minister further explained that another source of concern in health expenditure was that most health spending was at the Federal level even though State and Local Governments were in charge of PHC services.
He said, “according to the latest National Health Accounts, 67%, 26%, and 7% of government health spending took place at the Federal, State, and Local levels respectively in 2016, as a result, PHCs frequently lack basic amenities, equipment, and drugs which severely undermining service delivery and efforts to improve health outcomes”.
While speaking on the Federal Government efforts to resuscitate the Nigeria Health care system, the Minister said that the Federal Government had approved 1% consolidated revenue which amounted to N55 billion in 2018 to support the Nigerian Health system.
Adewole said that the programme tagged Basic Health Care Provision Fund (BHCPF) now known as Huwe, overcomes some of the challenges of the existing health financing arrangements. It provides mainly for two gateways demand and supply side financing to meet the expected demand for a Basic Minimum Package of Health Service.
Adewole said through National Health Insurance Scheme, (NHIS) 50% of the fund would be used to scale up access to a minimum package of health services meant to cover 70% of the current burden of diseases through accredited public and private providers. 5% of the fund would be used to address public health emergencies
“Through the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency (NPHCDA) 45% of funds would be transferred electronically to accounts of selected primary health care facilities to improve general supply side readiness (to maintain facilities, provide essential drugs, deploy human resources for community outreach and health promotion activities and provide training)” Adewole said.
The program would focus on the rural population where the majority of poor Nigerians live, and ensure funds reach front line primary health care facilities, the scheme aimed to provide greater financial protection to the poorest and sickest households.